Purpose Of Repo Agreements


“As the budget deficit has increased by about 50% over the past two years, the supply of new government bonds, which must be absorbed by debt markets, has increased considerably. Since these increased deficits are not the result of countercyclical policy, it can be expected that the supply of government bonds will remain high without any significant change in fiscal policy. In addition, the marginal buyer of the increased supply of Treasuries has changed. Until recent years, the Fed was buying government bonds as part of its quantitative easing policy. And before the 2017 tax changes, U.S. multinationals with large offshore cash stocks were also major buyers of Treasuries. Today, however, the marginal buyer is a primary merchant. This deferral means that these purchases will likely have to be financed, at least until investors acquire the Treasuries, and perhaps even longer. It is not surprising that the volume of cash-backed repurchase operations has increased significantly over the past year and a half. Taken together, these developments suggest that digesting the increase in government bond supply will be a persistent challenge, with potential implications for the Fed`s balance sheet and regulatory policies. In India, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) uses repo and Reverse Repo to increase or reduce the money supply in the economy. The interest rate at which the RBI lends to commercial banks is referred to as “repo”). In the event of inflation, the RBI can increase the pension rate, which prevents banks from lending and reduces the money supply of the economy.

[17] From September 2020, RBI rest is set at 4.00% and reverse rest at 3.35%. [18] Some forms of repo transactions have been highlighted in the financial press due to the technical details of the comparisons that followed the collapse of Refco in 2005. From time to time, a party participating in a repo transaction may not have a specific loan at the end of the repo contract. This can lead to a number of errors from one party to another, as long as different parties have acted for the same underlying instrument. Media attention is focused on attempts to mitigate these errors.

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