What Were The Agreements Reached In The Gandhi Irwin Pact


This was the second high-level meeting between Gandhi and a viceroy in 13 years and was to be read as part of the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms, which were the basis of the Government of India Act 1919. The villages along the coast were granted the right to make salt for their consumption. The second round table was held in London from September 7, 1931 to December 1, 1931, with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. Two weeks before the conference was convened, the Labour government had been replaced by the Conservatives. At the conference, Gandhi said he represented all the people of India. However, this view was not shared by other delegates. Indeed, the distribution among the many participating groups was one of the reasons why the results of the second roundtable conference were not significant results regarding India`s constitutional future. Meanwhile, riots reintegrated throughout India and, upon his return to India, Gandhi was arrested along with other congressional leaders. A province of Sindh was created and minority interests were protected by the MacDonald`s Communal Award.

Gandhi`s motivations for reaching a pact with Lord Irwin, the viceroy, are the best to understand in his technique. The satyagraha movements are commonly referred to as “fighting,” “rebellions” and “wars without violence.” However, because of the common connotation of these remarks, they seemed to disproportionately underline the negative aspect of the movements, namely the opposition and the conflict. However, the purpose of satyagraha was not to obtain the physical elimination or moral collapse of an opponent, but to initiate a psychological process that could allow the mind and heart to meet, blowing on his hands. In such a struggle, a compromise with an adversary was neither cresie nor betrayal, but a natural and necessary step. If it turned out that the compromise was premature and the adversary was not repentant, there was nothing to prevent the Satyagrahi from returning to the nonviolent struggle. As a precaution, he ordered the arrest of all leading leaders across the country. Revolutionary activities in the provinces of Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Frontier have intensified. The civil disobedience movement resumed and Gandhiji was arrested along with many other prominent leaders on 4 January 1932. Congress has been declared an illegal body and the government has taken the strictest measures to crush the movement. The police exaggeration has even gone beyond its own history of shame.

Gandhiji expressed his desire for civil disobedience instead of massive civil disobedience. As a result, the nation rose again to suffer and sacrifice, to continue the fight. Throughout 1932, the movement continued in rage. Millions of Satyagrahi have been arrested. In April 1932, British prisons were overcrowded with the Satyagrahi, more than one Lakh and twenty thousand. The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was a political agreement signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, then Viceroy of India, on 5 March 1931, before the second roundtable conference in London. The result of these discussions was the Gandhi Irwin Pact. They had eight sessions that lasted a total of 24 hours. Gandhiji, impressed by Irwin`s sincerity, agreed, on behalf of the Indian National Congress, to stop the civil disobedience movement. Congress agreed to participate in the second roundtable conference to review constitutional reforms.

Some other conditions were that the British remove all injunctions that limit the activities of the Indian National Congress. They also agreed to withdraw proceedings relating to several offences, with the exception of offences relating to violence and the release of prisoners arrested for participating in the civil disobedience movement. It was also agreed that the British would abolish the salt tax, allowing Indians to produce, trade and sell salt legally and for their own use.

Pin It